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9 ივლისი


9 ივლისთან დაკავშირებული მოვლენები

ქართული და ინგლისური ვერსია

დღის მოვლენები

455 : რომაელი სამხედრო მეთაური ავიტუსი დასავლეთ რომის იმპერატორი გახდა.
1357 : საღვთო რომის იმპერატორი კარლ IV საფუძველს უყრის კარლის ხიდს პრაღაში.
1762 : იძულებით გადაყენებულ პეტრე III-ს რუსეთის მეფის ტახტზე ცვლის მისი მეუღლე ეკატერინე II.
1900 : დედაფალი ვიქტორია ხელს აწერს ავსტრალიის თანამეგობრობის შექმნის აქტს, რომელმაც კონტინენტის ყველა ცალკეული კოლონია ფედერალური მმართველობის ქვეშ გააერთიანა.
1955 : ლონდონში ბერტრან რასელმა გამოაქვეყნა “რასელ-აინშტაინის მანიფესტი” ბირთვული იარაღის გამოყენების საწინააღმდეგოდ.
2002 : ადის-აბებაში, ეთიოპია, აფრიკის კავშირი (რუკა სურათზე) ჩამოყალიბდა.
2006 : იტალიის ნაკრები ფიფას მსოფლიო საფეხბურთო თასის მფლობელი ხდება (ოთხგზის).
2008 : ირანმა 2100 კმ დისტანციის რადიუსში მოქმედების რაკეტის შაჰაბ-3 გამოცდა მოაწყო ქვეყნის ბირთვული პროგრამის გამო გამწვავებული საერთაშორისო დაძაბულობის ფონზე.

ამ დღეს დაბადებულნი
1858 : ბოაზი, ფრანც – ამერიკელი ანთროპოლოგი (გ.1942)
1932 : რამსფელდი, დონალდ – აშშ-ს თავდაცვის მინისტრი
1929 : ჰასან II – მაროკოს მეფე
1956 : ჰანკსი, ტომ – ამერიკელი მსახიობი

ამ დღეს გარდაცვლილნი
1850 : ტეილორი, ზაქარი – აშშ-ს მე-12 პრეზიდენტი (დ.1784)
1856 : ავოგადრო, ამედეო – იტალიელი მეცნიერი (დ.1776)
1946 : რამა VIII (ანანდა მაჰიდოლ) – ტაილანდის მეფე (დ.1925)

დღესასწაულები
არგენტინა : დამოუკიდებლობის დღე
პალაუ : კონსტიტუციის დღე

დღის მოვლენები

455 – Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1357 – Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
1540 – Henry VIII of England annuls his marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
1541 – Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
1755 – French and Indian War: Braddock Expedition – British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat by French and Native American forces.
1789 – In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
1790 – Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund – in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
1793 – The Act Against Slavery is passed in Upper Canada and the importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
1807 – Treaties of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I and Alexander I.
1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
1815 – Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1846 – The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress.
1850 – President Zachary Taylor dies and Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States.
1863 – American Civil War: the Siege of Port Hudson ends.
1867 – An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer).
1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
1900 – Queen Victoria gives royal assent to an Act creating the Commonwealth of Australia thus uniting separate colonies on the continent under one federal government.
1918 – Great train wreck of 1918: in Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101 and injuring 171 people, making it the deadliest rail accident in United States history.
1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds breaking the world swimming record and the ‘minute barrier’.
1932 – The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
1943 – World War II: Operation Husky – Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.
1944 – World War II: Battle of Normandy – British and Canadian forces capture Caen, France.
1944 – World War II: Battle of Saipan – Americans take Saipan.
1948 – Pakistan issues its first set of Postage stamps, bearing images of the Constituent Assembly, the Jinnah International Airport (Quaid-e-Azam International Airport), and the Shahi Fort.
1955 – The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London.
1958 – Lituya Bay is hit by a mega-tsunami. The wave is recorded at 524 meters high, making it the largest wave in history.
1975 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system.
1979 – A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed “Nazi hunters” Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.
1981 – Senegalese political parties Party of Independence and Work and Democratic League – Movement for the Labour Party are legally recognized.
1982 – A Boeing 727 carrying Pan Am Flight 759 crashes in Kenner, Louisiana killing all 145 people on board and eight others on the ground.
1984 – York Minster is struck by a lightning bolt and the resulting fire rampages through most of the building. However the cathedral valuables are rescued by clergymen and the “Rose Window” is not affected.
1986 – The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalising homosexuality in New Zealand.
1989 – Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
1991 – South Africa is readmitted into the Olympic movement after 30 years of exclusion.
1995 – Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lankan Air Force and it killed 125 Tamil civilian refugees.
1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
2002 – The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
2006 – At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.

ამ დღეს დაბადებულები
1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
1577 – Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English Jamestown colonist (d. 1618)
1578 – Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)
1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
1686 – Philip Livingston, American politician (d. 1749)
1689 – Alexis Piron, French writer (d. 1773)
1721 – Johann Nikolaus Götz, German poet (d. 1781)
1753 – William Waldegrave, 1st Baron Radstock, Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
1764 – Ann Radcliffe, English writer (d. 1823)
1775 – Matthew Lewis, English novelist (d. 1818)
1786 – Sophie Hélène Béatrix, Princess of France (d. 1787)
1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, German physician (d. 1885)
1808 – Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier (d. 1887)
1819 – Elias Howe, American inventor (d. 1867)
1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
1836 – Camille de Renesse, Belgian count (d. 1904)
1848 – Robert I, Duke of Parma, last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
1858 – Franz Boas, German anthropologist (d. 1942)
1879 – Ottorino Respighi, Italian composer (d. 1936)
1879 – Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
1889 – Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
1893 – George Geary, English cricketer (d. 1981)
1894 – Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
1901 – Dame Barbara Cartland, English novelist (d. 2000)
1905 – Clarence Campbell, Canadian hockey executive (d. 1984)
1908 – Allama Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher (d. 1973)
1911 – Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (d. 1968)
1911 – John A. Wheeler, American physicist (d. 2008)
1915 – David Diamond, American composer (d. 2005)
1916 – Sir Dean Goffin, New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
1916 – Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
1918 – Jarl Wahlström, the 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
1925 – Guru Dutt, Bollywood director, producer and actor
1925 – Charles E. Wicks, Professor, co-author of Fundamentals of Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer
1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1927 – Ed Ames, American singer and actor
1927 – Susan Cabot, American actress (d. 1986)
1927 – Red Kelly, Canadian ice hockey player
1928 – Federico Bahamontes, Spanish cyclist
1928 – Vince Edwards, American actor, director and singer (d. 1996)
1929 – King Hassan II of Morocco, (d. 1999)
1929 – Lee Hazlewood, American country singer, songwriter and producer (d. 2007)
1929 – Jesse McReynolds, American singer and mandolinist
1930 – Buddy Bregman, American musical arranger and conductor
1930 – Roy McLean, South African cricketer (d. 2007)
1932 – Donald Rumsfeld, 13th & 21st United States Secretary of Defense
1933 – Oliver Sacks, British neurologist and author
1934 – Michael Graves, American architect
1935 – Wim Duisenberg, Dutch economist and politician (d. 2005)
1935 – Michael Williams, English actor (d. 2001)
1936 – Floyd Abrams, First Amendment attorney and advocate
1936 – June Jordan, American poet, writer and teacher (d. 2002)
1936 – André Pronovost, French Canadian ice hockey player
1936 – Richard Wilson, Scottish actor and director
1937 – David Hockney, English artist
1938 – Brian Dennehy, American actor
1942 – Richard Roundtree, American actor
1942 – Edy Williams, American actress
1943 – John Casper, astronaut
1945 – Dean R. Koontz, American author
1945 – Root Boy Slim, American entertainer (d. 1993)
1946 – Natasha Pyne, English actress
1946 – Bon Scott, Australian singer (AC/DC) (d. 1980)
1947 – Haruomi Hosono, Japanese musician
1947 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (Jimi Hendrix Experience) (d. 2008)
1947 – O.J. Simpson, American football player and actor
1948 – Hassan Wirajuda, Indonesian current foreign minister
1949 – Jesse Duplantis, Evangelist, Author, and Inspirational Speaker
1950 – Viktor Yanukovych, Prime Minister of Ukraine
1951 – Chris Cooper, American actor
1952 – John Tesh, American composer
1953 – Thomas Ligotti, American author
1953 – Margie Gillis, Canadian dancer and choreographer
1955 – Fred Norris, American radio personality
1955 – Jimmy Smits, American actor
1955 – Willie Wilson, American baseball player
1955 – Steve Coppell, English football player and manager
1956 – Marc Almond, British singer
1956 – Tom Hanks, American actor
1957 – Kelly McGillis, American actress
1957 – Tim Kring, American writer and producer
1957 – Paul Merton, British comedian
1959 – Jim Kerr, Scottish singer (Simple Minds)
1959 – Kevin Nash, American professional wrestler
1959 – Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer
1960 – Marc Mero, American professional wrestler
1964 – Courtney Love, American musician
1964 – Gianluca Vialli, Italian football player
1965 – Frank Bello, American musician (Anthrax)
1965 – David O’Hara, Irish-Scottish actor
1965 – Jason Rhoades, American installation artist (d. 2006)
1966 – Pamela Adlon, American voice actress
1967 – Gunnar Axén, Swedish politician
1968 – Paolo Di Canio, Italian football player
1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal, Swedish author
1969 – Jason Kearton, Australian former footballer
1969 – Mark Lui, Hong Kong composer and producer
1970 – Trent Green, American footballer
1970 – Masami Tsuda, Japanese manga author
1971 – Marc Andreessen, American software developer
1971 – Dani Behr, Model & TV Presenter
1973 – Kelly Holcomb, American football player
1973 – Enrique Murciano, American actor
1974 – Nikola Sarcevic, Swedish bassist and singer (Millencolin)
1974 – Sian Berry, British politician
1974 – Gary Kelly, Irish football player
1975 – Jack White, American musician (The White Stripes)
1975 – Shelton Benjamin, American professional wrestler
1975 – Craig Quinnell, Welsh rugby player
1975 – Isaac Brock, American musician
1976 – Fred Savage, American actor
1976 – Jochem Uytdehaage, Dutch speed skater
1978 – Linda Park, Korean-born actress
1978 – Mark Medlock, German singer
1978 – Kara Goucher, American Athlete
1979 – Ella Koon, Hong Kong singer and actress
1979 – Suzanne Stokes American model, (Playmate of the Month February 2000)
1981 – Kimveer Gill, Canadian spree shooter (Dawson College shooting) (d. 2006)
1982 – Ashly DelGrosso, American ballroom dancer
1982 – Alecko Eskandarian, Armenian-American footballer
1982 – Maggie Ma, Canadian actress
1982 – Sakon Yamamoto, Japanese race-car driver
1983 – Lucia Micarelli, American musician
1984 – Jacob Hoggard, singer of Canadian band Hedley (band)
1985 – Paweł Korzeniowski, Polish swimmer
1985 – Ashley Young, English footballer
1986 – Kiely Williams, American singer and actress
1986 – Dominic Cervi, American football player
1986 – Simon Dumont, American freestyle skier
1990 – Rafael Pereira da Silva, Brazilian footballer
1990 – Fábio Pereira da Silva, Brazilian footballer
1991 – Spencer Elden, Baby/Model on Nirvana (band)’s Nevermind album
1991 – Mitchel Musso, American actor
1995 – Georgie Henley, English actress

გარდაცვლილები
518 – Anastasius I, Byzantine Emperor (b. 430)
1228 – Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury
1386 – Leopold III of Austria (b. 1351)
1553 – Maurice, Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
1654 – Ferdinand IV of Germany (b. 1633)
1706 – Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer (b. 1661)
1737 – Gian Gastone de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)
1742 – John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
1746 – Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
1747 – Giovanni Bononcini, Italian composer (b. 1670)
1755 – General Edward Braddock British Commander-in-chief of military forces in North America
1766 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (b. 1720)
1795 – Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
1797 – Edmund Burke, British philosopher and statesman (b. 1729)
1850 – Báb, Persian founder of the Bábi Faith (b. 1819)
1850 – Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, American politician (b. 1794)
1855 – Lord Raglan Commander of the British forces during the Crimean War
1856 – Amedeo Avogadro, Italian chemist (b. 1776)
1856 – James Strang, Mormon splinter group leader (b. 1813)
1880 – Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
1903 – Alphonse François Renard, Belgian geologist (b. 1842)
1927 – John Drew Jr., American actor (b. 1853)
1932 – King C. Gillette, American inventor (b. 1885)
1937 – Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
1938 – Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (b. 1870)
1947 – Lucjan Żeligowski, Polish general (b. 1865)
1949 – Fritz Hart, English-born Australian composer (b. 1874)
1951 – Harry Heilmann, American Baseball player (b. 1894)
1955 – Don Beauman, British racing driver (b. 1928)
1967 – Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (b. 1874)
1972 – Robert Weede, American baritone (b. 1903)
1974 – Earl Warren, 14th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1891)
1977 – Alice Paul, Women’s Rights Activist (b. 1885)
1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner, American actress and author (b. 1899)
1980 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and lyricist (b. 1913)
1983 – Keith Wickenden, British Politician (b. 1932)
1985 – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
1985 – Jimmy Kinnon, Scottish founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
1992 – Eric Sevareid, American reporter (b. 1912)
1994 – Bill Mosienko, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
1996 – Melvin Belli, American attorney (b. 1907)
1999 – Robert de Cotret, Canadian politician (b. 1944)
2000 – Doug Fisher, English actor (b. 1941)
2002 – Laurence Janifer, American writer (b. 1933)
2002 – Rod Steiger, American actor (b. 1925)
2004 – Chuck Cadman, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
2004 – Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963)
2004 – Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917)
2005 – Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
2005 – Alex Shibicky, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
2005 – Kevin Hagen, American actor (b. 1928)
2006 – Milan Williams, American musician (The Commodores) (b. 1948)
2007 – Charles Lane, American actor (b. 1905)
2008 – Séamus Brennan, Irish politician (b. 1948)

დღესასწაულები
Ásatrú: Day of Remembrance for Unn the Deep-Minded
Bahá’í Faith: Martyrdom of the Báb
Argentina: Independence Day
Morocco: Youth Day
Nunavut: Nunavut Day
Palau: Constitution Day
São Paulo (state): Constitutionalist Revolution Day
Roman festival Caprotinia, or feasts of Juno Caprotina
Roman Catholic Church
Feast of Our Lady of Peace; Octave of the Visitation
Saint Agilulf, bishop of Cologne, martyr
Saint Cyril, bishop and companions, martyrs
Saint Ephrem the Deacon, confessor, Doctor of the Church
Martyrs of Gorkum (d. 1572)
Translation of Saint Nicholas, bishop, confessor
Saint Sabinus, bishop, martyr
Saint Everildis, virgin
Saint Veronica de Julianis, virgin
Saint Zeno, martyr

თეგები

xixani

http://xixani.blogspot.com/
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